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河南专升本英语测试题附详细答案解析

2017-09-12 16:39  来源:河南专升本考试培训    118人看过

英语是河南专升本考试中比较重要的一个科目,英语习题在专升本复习期间,一定要多做多思考,库课网小编为考生们整理了部分英语测试题,童鞋们可以做个简单的测试,对照答案,看看英语的复习情况如何!

单选题

1、The day before yesterday she told me _______ news.

A.a good

B.such a good

C.so good a

D.a piece of good

解析:D 此题考察名词的数,news是不可数名词不能直接用冠词a修饰,所以直接排除A,B和C。a piece of good news 翻译为“一个好消息”。翻译:前天她告诉了我一个好消息。

2、Paper produced every year is _______ the world's production of vehicles.

A. the three weight of

B. three times the weight of

C. as three times heavy as

D. three times as heavier as

解析:B 本题考察倍数表达法,属于数词的考察范围。倍数表达法一般有三种表达方式: 主语+谓语+倍数+as+adj/adv+as ‚主语+谓语+倍数+the size(amount,length...)of+.....ƒ主语+谓语+倍数+形容词(副词)比较级+than....。其他选项都不符合倍数表达法的公式。翻译:每年纸的产量是机器产量的三倍重。

3、Why don’t you put the meat in the fridge? It will ________ fresh for several days.

A. be stayed

B. stay

C. be staying

D. have stayed

解析:B本题考察will这个词的用法,will后用动词原型,stay fresh是保持新鲜的意思。 翻译:为什么不把肉放在冰箱里呢,它可以保鲜好几天。

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4、—Did you enjoy your holiday?

—Yes, it’s the best holiday I ________ these years.

A. had

B. have had

C. had had

D. would have

解析:B 本题考察现在完成时,当句中出现最高级时,时态用现在完成时,the best holiday是最高级,所以选B。翻译:你喜欢你的假期吗?是的,这是我这些日子以来最好的假期了。

5、I enjoyed the movie very much. I wish I _____ the book from which it was made.

A. have read

B. had read

C. should have read

D. are reading

解析:B本题考察虚拟语气wish的用法,由was和enjoyed判断出是对一般过去时的虚拟,所以用had done.翻译:我很喜欢这部电影。我希望读过那本曾经拍成电影的书。

6、You are late. If you _____ a few minutes earlier, you _____ him.

A. come; would meet

B. had come; would have met

C. come; will meet

D. had come; would meet

解析:B 本题考察虚拟语气。从语境中You are late的意思,可以推断出事情已经发生了。所以是对过去的虚拟。从句用had done ,主句用would/could/should/might+have done。所以选B。翻译:你迟到了。如果你早来几分钟的话,你就会见到他了。

7、He takes a part-time job every summer vacation, but most of the money he earns ______ playing computer games in the net bar.

A. spend

B. spends

C. is spent

D. are spent

解析:C本题考察的是主谓一致和被动。money 作主语谓语动词用单三,钱应该是被花在玩电脑游戏上,所以是被动。翻译:他在暑假做了个兼职,但是他挣的绝大多数钱都花在网吧游戏上了。

8、It was reported ______ the plane had been missing for more than thirty days..

A. that

B. which

C. what

D. as

解析:A 本题考察的是固定句型It was reported that ...据报道...。翻译:据报道这架飞机已经失联超过三十天了。

9、The reason ______ he objected to the plan at the meeting was that he had no faith in us..

A. because

B. which

C. for

D. why

解析:D本题考察定语从句。先行词是The reason表原因,且从句” he objected to the plan at the meeting“不缺成分,所以用关系副词why。翻译:他在会议上反对这个计划的原因是他不相信我们。

10、Teachers at our university ______ to publish at least two research papers each year..

A. will require

B. require

C. are requiring

D. are required

解析:10、D本题考察动词的被动形式,属于语态的考察范围。被动用be done,所以选D。翻译:我们大学的老师要求每年出版至少两篇研究论文。

11、 Seldom ______ any mistakes in the past 15 years’ working in the physics laboratory.

A. she did make

B. did she make

C. she should make

D. she could make

解析:B本题考察的是半倒装,否定词放在句首,句子用半倒,所谓半倒装是把情态动词,助动词,be动词提到主语前。翻译:她在过去的15年里很少在物理实验中犯错。

12、As is expected, the government is taking measures ______ the spread of Bird Flu..

A. preventing

B. prevent

C. to prevent

D. prevented

解析:C 考察非谓语。To do 表示目的,翻译为“为了”。翻译:正如所期盼的一样,政府采取措施是为了阻止禽流感的传播。

13、The old woman was worried because her 30-year-old son was so lazy that he didn’t feel like ______ to work.

A. going

B. to go

C. go

D. goes

解析:A 固定搭配feel like doing ,属于非谓语的考察范围。翻译:这个老太太很是担忧,因为她30岁的儿子如此的懒以至于他不想要去工作。

14、To make our environment cleaner, many people suggest that no smoking ______ in public places.

A. allow

B. be allowed

C. was allowed

D. allowed

解析:B考察虚拟语气中对语态的虚拟,句中有suggest,用(should) do表示主动或者(should) be done 表示被动。本题中吸烟不被允许,是被动,所以选择B,should 可省略。翻译:为了让我们的环境更加清洁,很多人建议不要在公共场所吸烟。

15、You ______ our boss in her office last Friday; she has already gone to Paris.

A. needn’t have seen

B. must have seen

C. might have seen

D. can’t have seen

解析:D本题考察的是情态动词可能性的推测,属于虚拟语气的考察范围,根据句意可知是对事实肯定的推测。所以用can’t have done。翻译:你上周五不可能在她办公室看到我们的老板;她已经去巴黎了。

河南专升本英语考试中单选题常考的考点有词汇辨析,固定搭配,介词等等。词汇辨析考察的相对比较多,童鞋们在平时要多加练习,防止自己长时间不做题变得生疏了。想了解更多专升本咨询,可以持续关注库课网或者关注微信公众号“库课专升本”。

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